Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one’s mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth (flossing). It is important that oral hygiene is carried out on a regular basis to enable prevention of dental disease and bad breath. The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and periodontitis.
General guidelines suggest brushing twice a day: before breakfast and before going to bed. Rinsing after every meal is important to remove debris left in the mouth. Cleaning between the teeth is called interdental cleaning and is as important as tooth brushing. This is because a toothbrush cannot reach between the teeth and therefore only removes about 60% of plaque from the surface of the teeth. There are many tools to clean between the teeth, including floss and interdental brushes; it is up to each individual to choose which tool they prefer to use.
Sometimes white or straight teeth are associated with oral hygiene. However, a clean, healthy mouth can have stained teeth or crooked teeth. To improve the appearance of their teeth, people may use teeth whitening treatments and orthodontics.
What is Plaque & Calculus ?
Dental plaque, also known as dental biofilm, is a sticky, yellow film consisting of a wide range of bacteria which attaches to the tooth surfaces and can be visible around the gum line.
Many oral health care professionals agree that tooth brushing should be done for a minimum of two minutes, and be practiced at least twice a day. Brushing for at least two minutes per session is optimal for preventing the most common oral diseases, and removes considerably more plaque than brushing for only 45 seconds.
Toothpaste (dentifrice) with fluoride is an important tool to readily use when tooth brushing. The fluoride in the dentifrice is an important protective factor against caries, and an important supplement needed to remineralize already affected enamel.
As a preferred general dentist in Kloof, Dr Maharaj is well-equipped to provide primary dental care to patients of all ages. Dr Maharaj is able to diagnose, treat and manage the full scope of your oral heal care needs. Below is a brief list of the general oral care treatments she provides for the whole family.
We are here to help you achieve the best dental health, the freshest smile and a face that glows with youth and health.